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Networks, Sensors, & Mobility
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Networks, Sensors, & Mobility
May 2–4, 2016
(Opening reception/dinner May 2)
Hyatt Regency San Francisco Airport
San Francisco, CA

FIELD TRIP – FULL – wait list only
Tesla Motors, Featuring a Factory Tour and Test Rides
May 5, 2016

Library Selection
Playing to the Edge: American Intelligence in the Age of Terror (Penguin, 2016)
By Michael V. Hayden



Monday, May 2
6:00 PM
First-Timers Reception
6:30 PM
7:00 PM
Welcome Dinner

Tuesday, May 3
7:30 AM


8:30 AM
Len Kleinrock, TTI/Vanguard Advisory Board
Conference Welcome
8:50 AM
Kyle Roche, General Manager, Internet of Things, Amazon Web Services
Managing Billions of Devices Via the Cloud
9:40 AM
Robert Heath, Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas
Millimeter Wave Cellular Systems—The Future of 5G
This presentation examines the special features of millimeter wave as an access technology for 5G cellular systems. The differentiating features of millimeter wave communication and its implications are highlighted in several areas including spectrum, directionality of communication, sensitivity to blockage, and power consumption. Potential applications enabled by millimeter wave spectrum are also considered.

10:20 AM
Coffee Break
10:50 AM
Ray Ozzie, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Talko Inc
Mobile Team Communication
In the 1980s and 1990s, personal productivity was focused on the document. What those documents contained, and how they were edited, were far more important to improving our productivity than how they might have been conveyed. Today, the roles are reversed: How we communicate has become paramount to our productivity, while documents have become just one of the sorts of things we pass around. But whereas network effects ultimately caused us to embrace a single “killer app” for our document suite, it’s not at all clear where our business communications tools are headed—or whether network effects will ultimately again take hold. Is fragmentation a permanent state of affairs, or is it likely that a killer app might once again emerge? Are communications innovations likely to deliver a document-like step function in our ability to be productive?
11:35 AM
Akram Boukai, Co-founder and Chief Executive Officer, Silicium Energy
Harvesting Energy from Heat
12:10 PM
Steve Grobman, Chief Technology Officer, Intel Security Group, Intel
Cybersecurity Threats—Moving from the Digital to the Physical World
By 2025, smart homes (smart lighting, smart appliances, smart thermostats, and smart door locks) may be as ubiquitous as smartphones. And they account for just a sliver of the 50 billion IoT devices we may see by then. In 2015 we saw repeated examples of cyber exploitation moving from the digital to the physical world—most notably automotive breaches and attacks on transportation systems and power grids. With smart buildings, smart meters, smart grids, and sensor data everywhere, the industry will need to evolve rapidly. At the same time, we have fewer cybersecurity professionals than we need—the gap may be as many as one million people, worldwide, and growing. We need to begin ensuring our cybersecurity now—we won’t be able to retrofit security later.
12:45 PM
Members’ Working Lunch
2:00 PM
Brewster Kahle, Founder, Internet Archive
Locking the Web Open
It turns out that the World Wide Web is quite fragile. Pages only last about 100 days on average before they change or disappear. They blink on and off in their servers. And the Web is not very accessible if you live in one of the many countries that blocked the Internet Archive, the New York Times, and other sites from its citizens. And it’s not private: People, corporations, and countries can spy on what you are reading. We need a Web that is reliable and private—while still being fun, so that people and organizations continue to post their articles, their Wikipedia edits, and of course their cat videos. We need to bake these attributes into the code of the Web. One key step would be to make the Web as distributed as the Internet itself is. At the same time, we can build in privacy—without centralized usernames and passwords—as well as versioning, and easy mechanisms for readers to pay writers and other content creators.
2:40 PM
Alex Kendall, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge
A Deep Learning Framework For Visual Scene Understanding
We can now teach machines to recognize objects. However, in order to teach a machine to “see” we need to understand geometry as well as semantics. Given an image of a road scene, for example, an autonomous vehicle needs to determine where it is, what's around it, and what's going to happen next. This requires not only object recognition, but depth, motion and spatial perception, and instance-level identification. A deep learning architecture can achieve all these tasks at once, even when given a single monocular input image. Surprisingly, jointly learning these different tasks results in superior performance, because it causes the deep network to uncover a better deep representation by explicitly supervising more information about the scene. This method outperforms other approaches on a number of benchmark datasets, such as SUN RGB-D indoor scene understanding and CityScapes road scene understanding. Besides cars, potential applications include factory robotics and systems to help the blind.
3:20 PM
Coffee Break
3:50 PM
Vamsi Talla, Sensor Systems Laboratory, University of Washington
How are we going to power, and communicate with, one billion connected devices? As daunting as it seems, we can leverage existing wireless infrastructure and existing wireless standards—specifically Power over Wi-Fi (PoWi-Fi), the first system that uses existing Wi-Fi chipsets to deliver power to low-power sensors and devices. With just a software update, we can transform off-the-shelf Wi-Fi routers to provide far-field wireless power without significantly compromising the performance of the Wi-Fi network. A second key technology will be Passive Wi-Fi: Wi-Fi transmissions (up to 11 Mb/s) that consume three-to-four orders-of-magnitude lower power than existing Wi-Fi chipsets and that can be decoded on existing routers, smartphones, tablets, and other Wi-Fi devices. At 15–60 microwatts, this technology consumes 10,000× less power than existing Wi-Fi chipsets and 1000× less power than Bluetooth LTE and ZigBee.
4:30 PM
JoŃo Barros, Co-founder and Chief Executive Officer, Veniam
Smart Cities and Connected Vehicles: A Perfect Match
There are 1.2 billion vehicles in the world waiting to be connected to the Internet. Clearly, there is need for a low-cost wireless networking solution that can be placed in any vehicle and offers reliable connectivity, improved quality of experience, and higher safety for drivers and passengers, both in cities and industrial environments (ports, airports, construction sites, etc.). Drawing from ten years of R&D and two years product experience with the world’s largest network of connected vehicles (Porto, Portugal), we will address how city-scale deployment can be achieved and show how a vehicular mesh network can be used as a highly dense urban scanner to deliver real-time data on-the-move for smart city applications that protect our environment and improve our quality of life.
6:30 PM

Reception & Dinner

wednesday, May 4
7:30 AM


8:30 AM
Geoffrey West, Distinguished Professor and Past President, Santa Fe Institute
Networks, from Nucleotides to Cities and Corporations 
Why do all companies and people die, whereas cities keep growing and life continues to accelerate? Why do we stop growing, live 100 years and sleep 8 hours a day? And how are these related to innovation, wealth creation, social networks, urbanization, and global sustainability? Cities and global urbanization have emerged as the source of the greatest challenges the planet has faced since humans became social. Cities are simultaneously the hubs of innovation, centers of power, and the engines of wealth creation, but are also the prime source of crime, pollution, disease, climate change, and the consumption of energy and resources. Despite this dual role and the threat to global sustainability, there is no integrated, quantitative, predictive, scientific framework for understanding their dynamics, growth, and organization. Ideas for developing such a theory, inspired by a network-based framework for understanding diverse properties of organisms (including growth, metabolism, cancer, sleep, aging, death, and ecosystems) will be discussed and extended to companies. Despite their extraordinary complexity and diversity, many characteristics of cities and companies—including wages, patents, assets, sales, diversity, crime, police, disease, pollution, and roads—scale systematically and predictably with size, suggesting that underlying their dynamics and structure are universal principles that transcend their history, geography, and culture. This has dramatic implications for growth, development, and long-term sustainability: Left unchecked, the innovation and wealth creation that fuel socio-economic systems potentially sow the seeds for collapse.
9:25 AM
Kimmo Kalliola, Chief Executive Officer, Quuppa
Location Based Services and the Internet of Things
Location data is one of the key elements of the Internet of Things—after all, the things are all located somewhere. What are the requirements for a real-time locating system? It needs to provide accurate and reliable real-time positioning, and should be scalable, care-free, and affordable. Sounds like a reasonable wish list, but those features are all very subjective, depending on what do you want to track and how critical that information is for you. In some cases, using existing infrastructure like Wi-Fi or cellular networks for positioning is an option—just as using old copper telephone lines for a data connection could be. However, serious location-based services and applications need to track in real-time, tracking Bluetooth Low Energy smart tags and devices with accuracy to a few centimeters, both in 2-D and 3-D, and are therefore built on dedicated technology platforms, such as Quuppa’s Intelligent Locating System. Use cases include healthcare, retail, security, logistics, manufacturing, and sports.
10:10 AM
Coffee Break
10:40 AM
David P. Reed, TTI/Vanguard Advisory Board
The Co-Evolution of the Internet and Wireless: What's at Stake?
The radical interoperability of the Internet was not only a fundamental shift in digital communications, it also created a 40-year opportunity for continuous innovation—with more to come. By embodying that principle, it became an unprecedented engine of user-driven economic growth. The one area of communications technology that so far has resisted the Internet’s extensible technical architecture—one that could be adopted by any and all users—has been wireless digital communications. Interoperability among wireless technologies and applications has been, at best, limited. Even smartphones, the icons of modern wireless communications, have poor interoperability among themselves, between phones, and with the Internet. The so-called "Internet of Things" is not being built interoperably—at best it takes the name “Internet” in vain. The IP transition being promoted by the U.S. FCC is not bringing cellular voice telephony into the Internet; it merely uses some of the switching hardware that has become cheaper (because of its use in the Internet) to create non-interoperable wireless systems. We'll discuss what's at stake, what is happening, and what might be done about it. Is 5G the next Internet? It seems unlikely at this point. What will we lose? What might we gain?
11:20 AM
Chih-Ming Ho, Ben Rich-Lockheed Martin Professor, UCLA School of Engineering
Phenotypic Personalized Medicine: Control of Individual Disease Networks 
Biological cells, turbulent flows, the Internet, and financial activities are all examples of complex systems—ones in which a large number of interacting elements that self-organize generates emerging properties not usually linked to those of the individual elements. In each living cell, the foundation of the extensive networks of signal and regulatory pathways are the interactions among the biomolecules, proteins and nucleic acids, to which emergent cellular functionalities cannot be easily related. In the key medical example of using pharmacological agents to treat diseased cells, mapping out the detailed cascade of signaling pathways is a laborious process. A different approach uses a feedback system control scheme. These control schemes can be harnessed to rationally design combinatorial drug therapy modalities to stimulate the cellular pathways that offer improved efficacy and low toxicity. With the feedback system optimization approach, we need only tens of searches, instead of searching the entire parameter space, to identify an optimized drug cocktail. This is a generic platform technology that can be effectively applied in wide classes of systems with large parameter space, e.g., eradications of cancers, inhibition of viral infections, and maintenance of human embryonic stem cells. It will eventually be possible to determine not just the best drug–dose combination for a specific patient but a personalized drug.
12:00 PM
Jim Marggraff, Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, and Founder, Eyefluence
Interpreting Focus From Eye Movement
For the first time ever, we have technology that can transform intent into action through your eyes alone. Using your eyes, properly channeled, to mediate a dialogue between your mind and the outside world, has the potential to augment and amplify human intelligence. Eye interaction technology enables a user to control a head-mounted display faster and easier than fingers on a smartphone. This will jumpstart the adoption of wearable displays, for both AR and VR, for enterprise, industrial, and consumer applications.
12:40 PM
Members' Working Lunch
1:55 PM
John Tolva, President, PositivEnergy Practice
The Array of Things: An Urban Sensing Project   
The Array of Things is an urban sensing project, a network of interactive, modular sensor boxes that will be installed around Chicago to collect real-time data on the city’s environment, infrastructure, and activity for research and public use. AoT will essentially serve as a “fitness tracker” for the city, measuring factors that impact livability in Chicago, such as climate, air quality, and noise. Data will be published as open data, including application programming interface access to support application development. Image data will be processed in-situ both for efficiency and privacy. 500 nodes will be installed by next summer (2017), uploading data in near real time through Wi-Fi, 3G, or wired Ethernet, and communicating with Chicagoans to tell them to watch out for, say, an icy patch of sidewalk ahead or which is the most populated route to the El station late at night.

2:35 PM
Jay Gardner and Charlie Bogue, Wind + Wing Technologies
Wind-Powered Ferries
Ferries serve millions of people worldwide (7 million annually just in the San Francisco Bay Area). But they’re horrendously inefficient in terms of energy use, both in miles per gallon and in creating greenhouse gases. With British engineer Richard Jenkins, Wind + Wing has developed a 45-foot, 600-pound high wing that can rotate a full 360 degrees. In conjunction with a satellite tracking system, vessel data recording, and GPS, the wing can “listen” to a sensor system composed of three microphones to determine its best position relative to the wind. Fuel consumption is greatly reduced by a hybrid system, in which the wing doesn’t replace motors but makes them more efficient.
3:15 PM
Bob Lucky,TTI/Vanguard Advisory Board
Conference Reflections
4:00 PM
Close of Conference

Thursday, May 5
7-11:30 AM
FIELD TRIP: TESLA MOTORS Factory Tour and Test Rides

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