July 12-13, 2005
Index to Papers
The URLs are offered for reference to the original web-based documents, or to documents available on the TTI/Vanguard web site. The page length may vary slightly, based on your browser settings.
The Free Lunch Is Over: A Fundamental Turn Toward Concurrency in Software by Herb Sutter
Speaker Herb Sutter explains why we have reached a fundamental turning point in software development, describes the changing face of hardware, and shows why concurrency in software is the only way to take advantage of hyperthreading and multicore architectures.
http://www.gotw.ca/publications/concurrency-ddj.htm (10 pages)
|The Future of Evolutionary Biology by Richard Lenski|
In this paper honoring the legendary evolutionary biologist Ernst May, speaker Richard Lenski muses about the future of evolutionary biology. He notes there two revolutions on the horizon: molecular-genetics the emergence of artificial life.
http://www.ttivanguard.com/miamireconn/EvolutionaryBiology.pdf (34 pages)
Who and what are the people who run the Digital Evolution Laboratory at Michigan State up to? They’re a crew of computer scientists and biologists (including Richard Lenski) who use the computer program Avida to monitor and watch the evolution of new digital life forms and complexity.
http://www.carlzimmer.com/articles/2005/articles_2005_Avida.html (9 pages)
|Scientists Catch Quick Darwinism by Robert Boyd|
SA look at the world of experimental evolution, which, beyond helping to explain the process of evolution, has practical goals in medicine, agriculture, manufacturing, and the environment.
http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20041006/news_1c6evolve.html (3 pages)
Transitions from Nonliving to Living Matter by Steen Rasmussen, Liaohai Chen, David Deamer, David Krakauer, Norman Packard, Peter Stadler, and Mark Bedau
The authors summarize research presented at two workshops concerning how simple life forms (artificial cells or protocells) could be synthesized in the laboratory.
http://www.ees.lanl.gov/EES5/staff/steen/papers/963.pdf (3 pages)
Life Built to Order by Michael Stroh
A detailed profile of speaker Steen Rasmussen and his work to create a brand new life form. His protocell will be created from inanimate molecules and will be thousands of times as small as a typical bacterium.
http://www.popsci.com/popsci/medicine/article/0,20967,1014147,00.html (4 pages)
Anatomy of Give and Take by Robert Lee Hotz
The burgeoning field of neuroeconomics is explored as two women, each inside a brain scanner at Baylor College of Medicine, play a game involving trusting each other for mutual financial gain.
1,429153,print.story.htm (7 pages)
Five Questions with Dr. P. Read Montague
Are humans hard-wired to trust one another? Yes, say Dr. P. Read Montague, director of the Human Neuroimaging Laboratory at Baylor College of Medicine. He describes experiments involving trust as subjects are simultaneously put into special MRI scanners at Baylor and CalTech.
http://www.hnl.bcm.tmc.edu/cache/HouChronTrust.htm (3 pages)
E-mail Authentication. Then What? By Dave Anderson
As organizations increasingly depend on the reliable delivery of their outbound e-mail and the protection of their domain name, speaker Dave Anderson describes the progress being made to authenticate e-mail.
2010-1071_3-5629318.html?tag=nefd.ac ( 2 pages)
Supreme Court Mulls File-swap “Pushers” by John Borland
Recently, the US Supreme Court heard arguments in the case of MGM vs. Grokster. At stake: the legal status of peer-to-peer networks and whether file-swapping technology that can circumvent copyright should be outlawed.
2100-1027_3-5656010.html (3 pages)
Court Nixes “Broadcast Flag” by Michael Grebb
A recent US Court of Appeals decision invalidates a Federal Communications Commission order that would have required makers of consumer electronic devices capable of receiving broadcast digital TV signals to recognize a broadcast flag.
tw=newsletter_topstories_html (3 pages)
The Beep Shall Inherit the Earth by Cory Doctorow
This article looks at how the BBC, through its creation of BBC Backstage and the Creative Archive, is embracing the digital future rather than fighting it.
http://www.wired.com/news/print/0,1294,67552,00.html (3 pages)
FAQ: How Real ID Will Affect You by Declan McCullagh
On May 10, the US Congress passed the Real ID Act that calls for the creation of electronically readable, federally approved IC cards for Americans. Does this amount to a national identity card?
2100-1028-5697111.html?part=dht&tag=npro&tag=nl.e433 (3 pages)
Public Eyes, Private Eyes by Cynthia L. Cooper
Function creep and the right to be left alone are some of the privacy concerns of the Electronic Privacy Information Center, profiled in this article.
report_index=378 ( 5 pages)
Comments on Richard Epstein's Liberty vs. Property by Solveig Singleton
Speaker Solveig Singleton suggests that since technology has made IP increasingly hard to enforce and easy to break, people’s expectations of what is fair and right have gotten out of whack. To get them back might require starting all over again. (For Richard Epstein’s paper, “Liberty Versus Property? Cracks in the Foundations of Copyright Law”, please see http://ipcentral.info/review/v1n1epstein.pdf.)
http://ipcentral.info/review/v1n1singleton.pdf (6 pages)
Identity Thieves’ New Ploy: “Pharming” by Dan Lee
A look at the latest Internet scam, pharming, in which users are directed from a legitimate web site to a fraudulent copy of the site without any warning signs.
http://www.siliconvalley.com/mld/siliconvalley/news/local/11324938.htm (2 pages)
Research: Spyware Industry Worth Billions by Matt Hines
The number of computers infected with spyware applications remains high despite the growing realization that spyware can be a major threat to personal and business security.
2100-1029-5693730.html?part=dht&tag=ntop&tag=nl.e433 ( 2 pages)
Ethan Zuckerman: The Worldchanging Interview
In this extensive interview, speaker Ethan Zuckerman argues that digital democracy and new media tools will have to undergo profound changes to make a difference in the developing world.
http://www.worldchanging.com/archives/001098.html (17 pages)
An Open-source Call To Arms by Bruce Perens
Speaker Bruce Perens argues that organizations need worry about legal protection issues when using open source software. The cost of defending copyright suits usually menas the victor goes to the one with the largest pocketbook.
http://news.com.com/An+open-source+call+to+arms/2010-7344_3-5221365.html (3 pages)
The Firefox Explosion by Josh McHugh
Firefox has surpassed 50 million downloads. This article looks at the history, rationale, and beginnings of Firefox, along with the contributions of the Mozilla Foundation, Ben Goodger, and speaker Blake Ross.
http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/13.02/firefox.html (6 pages)
Firefox Architect Talks IE, Future Plans by Nate Mook
Firefox creator Blake Ross talks about Microsoft’s Internet Explorer, Firefox as a platform for development, and what’s next for the Firefox development team.
IE_Future_Plans/1101740041 (3 pages)
A Trajectory for the Evolution of SIMS Architecture by Paco X. Nathan, Mike W. Erwin, Jamie L. Pugh, and William W. Hurley
Methods of integrating security point solutions into a consistent framework are slowly emerging in the form of security infrastructure management systems (SIMS). The authors, including speaker William Hurley, look at the evolutions of SIMS and present a description for a SIMS appliance as the next step.
www.ttivanguard.com/miamireconn/SIMSEvolution.pdf (17 pages)
Non-Equilibrium Risk Models in Enterprise Network Security by Paco Nathan and William Hurley
This paper explores the notion of a security infrastructure as an autopoietic system and presents a form of quantitative analysis for risk aggregation called “non-equilibrium risk models” (NERM).
www.ttivanguard.com/miamireconn/NERM.pdf (31 pages)
Hey Google, Map This! by Daniel Terdiman
Though not authorized by Google, several companies are devising Google hacks, giving users new ways to use information from Google’s map service.
http://www.wired.com/news/print/0,1294,67514,00.html (4 pages)
Interview: Google CEO Eric Schmidt Talks Business Technology by Thomas Claburn
Google’s CEO Eric Schmidt talks about the business-technology market and how Google might change it, including sales models and the “Wal-martization” of the information economy.
http://informationweek.com/story/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=163701405 (5 pages)
Engineering Enterprises Using Complex-System Engineering by M.L. Kuras and B.E. White
This paper summarizes a complex-system engineering regimen for the deliberate and accelerated management of the natural processes that shape the development of complex-systems and proposes an approach for applying this regiment to enterprises.
www.ttivanguard.com/miamireconn/Complex-System.pdf (15 pages)
ADDITIONAL ARTICLES, WEB SITES, AND RESOURCES
Publications by speaker Richard Lenski
Richard Lenski has written papers in the following areas: ong-term evolution experiment with E.coli; evolution experiments with digital organisms; social bacteria; variable environments; interactions among mutations; mutation rates; host-parasite interactions; and antibiotic resistance.
Publications by speaker Steen Rasmussen
Steen Rasmussen focuses on representing, generating, analyzing, and controling self-organizing and related systemic processes as they are manifested in natural and human-made systems. Current and recent projects include assembly of protocells, web-based decision support systems, and the development of simple urban dynamics simulations.
My Heart’s in Accra - Ethan Zuckerman
Speaker Ethan Zuckerman concentrates on his work and research on Africa, technology, and the media.
Sutter’s (Online) Mill - Herb Sutter
Speaker Herb Sutter is a part of Pluralsight, which emphasizes the building of a strong technical community that will benefit developers everywhere. The Pluralsight technical staff share a unique passion for software technology, with over 50 years of collective experience in software development, research, writing, speaking, and professional training focused primarily on the various Microsoft development platforms. Pluralsight focuses on three main areas: building community, providing professional training, and developing technical content.
Blake Ross on Firefox and Beyond – Blake Ross
Progress and Freedom Foundation
PFF is a market-oriented think tank that studies the digital revolution and its implications for public policy. Its mission is to educate policymakers, opinion leaders, and the public about issues associated with technological change, based on a philosophy of limited government, free markets, and individual sovereignty. PFF's underlying philosophy combines an appreciation for the positive impacts of technology with a classically conservative view of the proper role of government.
Publications from the Progress and Freedom Foundation
The PFF’s primary areas of study include communications, intellectual property, e-commerce, energy, and competition.
IPcentral.info is the Internet arm of the Center for the Study of Digital Property, a wholly-owned part of The Progress and Freedom Foundation. IPcentral’s belief is that commitment to free markets and property rights, combined with the rule of law rather than the rule of micro-regulation or the whim of a ruling class, is the best way to organize human economic activity. Further, this wisdom applies to the rising world of intellectual creations and digitization as much as to the conventional worlds of physical goods. The site contains links to the following:
Electronic Privacy Information Center
EPIC is a public interest research center in Washington, D.C., established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging civil liberties issues and to protect privacy, the First Amendment, and constitutional values. EPIC publishes an award-winning e-mail and online newsletter on civil liberties in the information age – the EPIC Alert. They also publish reports and books about privacy, open government, free speech, and other important topics related to civil liberties.
Privacy International: Privacy and Human Rights
2004: An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Development
This annual report by the Electronic Privacy Information Center and Privacy International reviews the state of privacy in over 60 countries around the world. It outlines legal protections for privacy, and summarizes important issues and events relating to privacy and surveillance. Each country report covers the constitutional, legal and regulatory framework protecting privacy and the surveillance of communications by law enforcement, new landmark court cases, most noteworthy advocacy work of non-governmental organizations and human rights groups, various new developments, and major news stories related to privacy.
Legal Briefs filed with the US Supreme Court in the case of MGM, et al v. Groskter
James V. DeLong and Solveig Singleton. “Brief of Amicus Curiae - The Progress & Freedom Foundation in Support of the Petitioners, in the Supreme Court of the United States, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc., Et Al. (Petitioners) vs. Grokster, Ltd., Et Al. (Respondent).” The Progress & Freedom Foundation, January 24, 2005.
Brief for US Supreme Court case 04-480: MGM, et al. v. Grokster and StreamCast filed by attorneys for Groskter and StreamCast.
Neuroeconomics at the Baylor School of Medicine
Human Neuroimaging Laboratory (HNL)
HNL is a new, state-of-the-art facility dedicated to basic research investigations into the physiology and functional anatomy of the human brain using fMRI. Psychology and economics have successfully demonstrated that human behavior is not endlessly variable, but can be captured and quantified by testable laws. Modern neuroscience techniques can identify and link individual differences in decision-making behavior to differences in brain anatomy, brain responses, genetics, and so on. In particular, modern neuroimaging techniques provide the means by which human brain responses can be monitored while subjects are engaged in economic-based behavioral tasks. The lab has been employing this methodology to study well-quantified group behavioral scenarios in which monetary outcomes vary depending on how people cooperate, compete, or punish others. The goal of this work is centered on the idea of valuation, especially neural valuation. Valuation is a central concept in economics. In this domain, the value of goods must be put on a common scale in order to compare, contrast, and prioritize their value. In this context, the idea of a currency provides just such a common valuation scale.
Neural Economics and the Biological Substrates of
Valuation by P. Read Montague and Gregory S. Berns
A recent flurry of neuroimaging and decision-making experiments in humans, when combined with single-unit data from orbitofrontal cortex, suggests major additions to current models of reward processing. The authors review these data and models and use them to develop a specific computational relationship between the value of a predictor and the future rewards or punishments that it promises. The resulting computational model, the predictor-valuation model (PVM), is shown to anticipate a class of single-unit neural responses in orbitofrontal and striatal neurons. The model also suggests how neural responses in the orbitofrontal-striatal circuitmay support the conversion of disparate types of future rewards into a kind of internal currency, that is, a common scale used to compare the valuation of future behavioral acts or stimuli.
REFERENCES FROM PREVIOUS TTI/VANGUARD CONFERENCES
Previous TTI/Vanguard Conferences have contained discussions
on a number of topics related to those being presented at this conference.
These may be accessed from the Members’ section of our web site
(www.ttivanguard.com) as Reinforcements and as the actual presentations.
|EVOLUTION, SELF-REPLICATION, AND ARTIFICIAL LIFE|
Technology and Evolving Systems: (Simplifying)
The Complexity and Integration – TTI/Vanguard Conference
The Future of Digital Biology –
Dr. Peter Bentley
Genomics and the Human Mind –
Dr. Tom Ray
Artificial Life: A New Form of Intelligence
– Dr. Chris Winter
Complexity and the Evolution of Computing:
Metaphors for Managing Emergent Systems – Dr. Steve Burbeck
All Species Inventory – Mr. Stewart
Strategies of Living Systems: Computation
in the Wild – Dr. David Ackley
Things That Live: Progress Towards Living
Artifacts – Dr. Christopher Langton
Digital Hormones and Self-reconfigurable Systems
– Dr. Wei-Min Shen
|SECURITY AND PRIVACY|
|Security and Privacy – TTI/Vanguard
February, 2004 – Austin, Texas
Security, and Uncertainty – TTI/Vanguard Conference
|Intellectual Property and the Entertainment
Industry – Mr. Jack Valenti
The movie industry provides more to the United States than merely entertainment. It provides money. The aggregate contribution of copyright-protected media measures fully five percent of the U.S. gross domestic product, with a consistently positive international balance of trade. These media types comprise movies, television, home video, books, music, and computer software. As technology undergoes both evolution and revolution, protective methods fight to keep pace. Those who defend the owners of intellectual property use every arrow in their quivers, including the law, multi-industry covenants, and technological innovations of their own—and often all of these strategies in concert. Jack Valenti of the Motion Pictures Association of America (MPAA) energetically advocates for a safe haven for movie industry rights holders, principally the major movie studios, claiming that without “protective garments” within which to wrap their products, the substantial risk capital necessary to spur the creative process would cease to flow, thus leaving an artistic void in the theaters and on the home screens of America and abroad.
February, 2002 – Pasadena, California
of Intellectual Property and Information Technology – Dr.
The Architecture of Resiliency –
Dr. Larry Lessig
The Right to Know – Mr. John
|The Free-software Movement and Its Future
– Mr. Richard Stallman
Freedom—the principle upon which the United States of America was founded. Yet, for most software and other published works, people are explicitly denied the freedoms of modification, sharing, and redistribution. As an analogy, imagine a society where recipes were similarly constrained: by force of law, a person who enjoyed cooking would be forbidden to play around with a recipe, write down a favorite version for friends to try, or pass along directions for producing a delicious dish that the cook received from a fellow culinary craftsperson. These, however, are the types of rules that govern the use of proprietary software. Richard Stallman, the originator and driving force behind the GNU project for free software, counts himself as a Saint in the Church of Emacs and lives his life in pursuit of freedom for all software.
April, 2001 – Los Angeles, California
|Enterprise Semantic Web: The Changing Face
of Corporate Data – Mr. Jeff Pollock
Will the current technology foundation of Java, XML, and relational databases (RDBs) satisfy the needs of the dynamic, multiorganizational, interdisciplinary network of enterprises in the future? No, believes Jeff Pollock of Network Inference; indeed it does not satisfy the internal needs of single enterprises today. Tim Berners-Lee has long held the vision of expanding his World Wide Web far beyond a web of documents and into an interoperable, cooperative network of machines and people. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was established to facilitate this broad-based goal. Among its chief challenges is to develop a universal and extensible environment through which machines might autonomously share, interpret, and reuse data, regardless of the originating organization, application, or schema. Pollock acknowledges that there are holes in the W3C’s ambitious game plan; however, when applied more narrowly to the business environment, instead of the entire landscape of the Web, the outlook for the Semantic Web is promising indeed. His finite goal entails connecting ontologies to existing legacy data systems, be they RDBs, XML documents, unstructured sources, or object-oriented systems.
February, 2005 – San Francisco, California
Information Management – Dr. Zvi Schreiber
Bringing the Web to Programs –
Dr. R.V. Guha
The Dublin Core and Internet Commons
– Dr. Stuart Weibel
|Which People and Which Technologies?
– Mr. Ethan Zuckerman
The developing world faces daily challenges, many of which are unimaginable to people who live the comfortable existence found in countries of wealth. In the most dire districts, gnawing hunger, raging disease, persistent violence, or unstable government—or a combination of these harms—contribute to life at the edge of death. The call for international relief is heard, and attempts to heed it are made. What, then, about regions that are merely afflicted with acute poverty, inadequate transportation infrastructure, and a severe shortage of telecommunications opportunities, when measured by the standards of the North? For countries such as Ghana in West Africa, international development, not relief, is in order. Through the efforts of Ethan Zuckerman of Geekcorps, help is now on the ground in the form of (primarily) U.S. technologists who volunteer three months of their lives laying the intellectual groundwork for Ghanaian entrepreneurs to bootstrap their society into the information age.
November, 2000 – Atlanta, Georgia
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